Researchers at the Salk Institute have developed a method to reprogram stem cells in skin ulcers and sores to differentiate into epithelial (skin) cells. The treatment advance has the potential to revolutionize treatment options for patients suffering from chronic skin conditions such as epidermolysis bullosa, ulcers and sores due to diabetes, bedsores and severe burns. Typically, there is an abundance of stem cells at the site of wounds such as ulcers. However, the stem cells prioritize dealing with inflammation and infection over the regeneration of skin tissue. The researchers sought to reprogram wound-resident mesenchymal stem cells in vivo [inside the body] by applying transduction factors, which directed the stem cells to generate skin tissue. Hence, the treatment is designed to generate new skin at the site of the wound as opposed to the current approach of utilizing a skin graft.
Researchers at the University of Texas have discovered a potential stem cell treatment for burn victims. After researchers analyzed tissue samples from severe burns, they observed ‘satellite cells’ that activated apoptosis [cell death] but, also activated stem cells that stimulated muscle regeneration. Such advances in the understanding of how stem cells interact with their environment will accelerate stem cell treatments for burn patients.
In a new two year clinical trial conducted by the University of Miami, researchers will attempt to treat deep second degree burn victims with mesenchymal stem cells [MSCs] as a potential alternative to skin grafts. The team, led by Dr. Evangelos Badiavas, will first cover the wounds in protective dressing, and then inject the MSCs under the dressing and into the wounds to spur the regeneration of the inner and outer layers of skin.
As reported on the front page of the New York Times Science section, clinical applications of stem cell based therapies are accelerating at a rate that will revolutionize the medical field in a matter of years. In the United States alone, there are currently over 4000 therapies in clinical trials for the treatment of heart disease, blindness, spinal cord injuries, diabetes, H.I.V., and other diseases, injuries, and traumas.
Topics: Muscular Dystrophy, ALS, Parkinson's, Phase III, multiple sclerosis, Heart, Joints, Alzheimer's, burn injuries, Diabetes, Acute Myocardial Infarction, Brain, Heart Failure, clinical trials, Bone, Debilitating Diseases, Phase II, Arthritis, Stemcells, Teeth, autologousstemcells, cartilage, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Brain Tumors, Blindness, stemsaveblog
Researchers at the University of Grenada have developed a method to grow skin with stem cells, which can be utilized to treat burn victims. The study used mesenchymal stem cells [MSC] recovered from Wharton’s jelly to create healthy skin regenerating epithelia.
- Burn Victim
Researchers at the University of Brighton are partnering with colleagues at the University’s School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences and other university departments to study ways to induce self-regenerating cells to combat burn injuries. They are using liver stem cells to study the process of regeneration; given the high regenerative capacity of liver cells.