Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) arise when a physical injury to the head triggers a devastating response that destroys the brain’s neurons and leads to a deprivation of nutrients and oxygen in certain parts of the brain. These injuries often occur during military service, in car accidents and other types of collisions involving trauma to the head. This response leads to extensive damage to a person’s motor skills, language and cognitive ability. The issue that arises with TBIs is that although the brain’s neurons are constantly making new synaptic connections among existing neurons, the neurons themselves do not regenerate, so there is currently no effective way to restore the brain function that is lost.
Topics: traumatic brain injury
Researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center, led by Dr. Charles Cox, are utilizing autologous [the patient’s own] stem cells to treat traumatic brain injury (TBI). The results demonstrated that the stem cells reduced the body’s inflammatory response to the trauma and preserved brain tissue – a significant advancement from current therapies used to treat TBI. 1.7 million Americans sustain TBI annually and TBI is a contributing factor to a third of all injury related deaths.